One in every four couples suffers from some degree of infertility. The chances of conceiving decreases by 2% for every year the man is over twenty-four regardless of how young the partner is. However, research has shown that if both partners are in good health and receiving optimum levels of right nutrients, the effect of age affecting the chances of conceiving and having a successful pregnancy can be reduced. Optimum nutrition starts early; it takes 3 months for sperm to mature while the ovum takes a month. The male partner is responsible for a third of infertility cases. For men taking vitamin C, B6, zinc and essential fatty acids may increase sperm count. For women, slight deficiencies in vitaminB1, B2, B6 folic acid, zinc, calcium and magnesium have been linked to birth abnormalities.

Smoking , caffeine and alcohol should be avoided at all times while planning for pregnancy.